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Google Scholar: Search Results

This guide helps you read the Google Scholar result screen, and shows you how to reach the full articles and download the citations.

Search & Results


Each search result represents an article or a book. It contains bibliographic information such as the title, author names, source of publication and many links providing various versions and options for full text.


1. Title

The title may link to the abstracts of an article or the description page of a book.

2. All ... Versions

Displays different versions of the same paper, including preprints and copies from repositories, such as the HKUST Institutional Repository. While the version at the publisher's site is usually available for subscribers only, alternative versions may be openly accessible.

3. View as HTML

Google Scholar will often provide a View as HTML link which shows the PDF text translated into HTML.

4. Library Search

The "Library Search" points to a search of the book in WorldCat, a union catalog holding millions of bibiographic records contributed by thousands of libraries worldwide.

5. Find@HKUST

This option usually appears at article records. It helps you find the full text of an article within the Library subscriptions via SFX scholarly linking.

6. Cited By

This gives you a list of documents which cited the document you originally retrieved. This list only includes documents available in Google Scholar. To find other citing articles, use Web of Science and Scopus.

7. Related articles

This lists articles that are determined as similar within the Google index.

8. Import into RefWorks

Export citation information into RefWorks.

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